‘Don’t look back, ooh, a new day is breakin’ cried Bob Dylan in 1965. As we usher in a new year filled with hope and positivity, we’re thrilled to announce Don’t Look Back as our very first Artwork of the week. Carefully selected by our in-house curators, this poster was originally produced to advertise the 1967 documentary film that followed Bob Dylan on a diary-esque three week journey of his acoustic tour around England two years prior. The film’s director, Illinois-born D. A. Pennebaker, is widely considered the pre-eminent chronicler of sixties counterculture. When it was released, the film broke box office records and is considered a classic of both documentary and rock filmmaking. It has a fascinating story to tell.
Often described as ‘ahead of its time’, Don’t Look Back begins with Dylan, aged just 24 at the time, standing alone in an alleyway behind London’s Savoy Hotel. As his folky guitar strums in the background, he begins reeling off an existential, collage of poetic lyrics with his signature, nasally voice. But, rather than simply singing, he nonchalantly discards cardboard flashcards (drawn with the help of poet Allan Ginsberg who makes a brief cameo), each bearing lyrics to his song ‘Subterranean Homesick Blues’. Now considered a classic short film, the scene has since been parodied and imitated by many, perhaps most notably in Love Actually. A visual jukebox of intentionally misspelt signs, puns, and fleeting words, Dylan’s opening message – filmed in one continuous two minute twenty second-long take – neatly encapsulates his own attitude toward life: Don’t Look Back.
A candid portrait
Don’t Look Back achieved critical acclaim by presenting a never-before-seen style of documentary filmmaking that was intimate and extremely candid. Prior to meeting Dylan, Pennebaker and his colleague Richard Leacock had been developing one of the first fully portable synchronised camera and sound recording systems. When they shot the documentary about Dylan, they experimented with a more versatile 8mm film camera – enabling them to create a more immediate, honest portrayal. ‘Filmmaking is kind of like exploration, only your device, instead of a telescope or a microscope, is this camera,’ Pennebaker says. ‘You’re like Columbus out on the wild seas. You have no idea where you are or where you’re going until you get there.’
When Don’t Look Back premiered, it was revolutionary. Reviewing the film for LIFE magazine in 1967, American entertainment critic John L. Wasserman described Don’t Look Back as ‘pure cinéma vérité’: an observational style of filmmaking that combines improvisation with use of the camera to unveil truth or highlight subjects hidden behind reality. Never before had viewers seen such intimate and authentic scenes of famous celebrities. Dylan, Wasserman deduced, ‘emerges as a human being.’
A fly on the wall
The documentary’s ‘fly on the wall’ style of filming often used close up angles to reveal Dylan’s personality. The most infamous scene comes when he launches a diatribe against TIME reporter Horace Freeland Judson. During the interview given at the Royal Albert Hall in London, Dylan is merciless: ‘I got nothing to say about these things I write, I mean, I just write them. I got nothing to say anything about them, I don’t write ‘em for any reason. There’s no great message. I mean, if, you know, if you wanna tell other people that, you know, go ahead and tell them but I’m not going to have to answer to it.’ Unsurprisingly, Judson remains noticeably uncomfortable throughout the one-sided conversation. In the 1960s, a musician pushing back against reporters was extremely uncommon because such interviews were the main source of promotion for a musician’s album and tour. Reflecting on the interview, one of his contemporaries, a renowned British publisher, Anthea Joseph (1924–1981) explained ‘Bob was being absolutely appalling, but so brilliant.’
In other scenes, Dylan is filmed singing ‘Lost Highway’ in a hotel room, engaging in philosophical jousting with a science student, and interrupting Alan Price’s backstage performance of ‘Little Things’ to brazenly ask why he left the Animals. Though he was ruthless, fiery and, at times, arguably just plain arrogant, Dylan is nonetheless presented in an honest light and the documentary continues to be praised for it highly.
A lasting legacy
In a 1992 interview with his Nirvana band mates, Kurt Cobain identified it as the only ‘good documentary about rock and roll’, a sentiment with which Dave Grohl concurred. In 1998, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being deemed ‘culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant.’ And, in 2013, The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences recognised Pennebaker’s body of work with an Oscar for Lifetime Achievement.
Don’t Look Back is available to purchase at King & McGaw and is printed on matt 250gsm conservation digital paper. Manufactured on a Fourdrinier Machine, a process first perfected and patented by the Fourdrinier brothers in 1803, the paper is made in Germany from acid and chlorine free wood pulp.